Joseph Ginat’s book Bedouin Bisha’h Justice: Ordeal by fire, released in 2008, is one of the most comprehensive studies of the practice. In addition to Egypt, the book also traces scattered cases across the region where few tribal communities resort to the ritual, particularly in North Africa and the Gulf region. Those are, however, done more sporadically and not under an organized system like the one established by the Ayaidah.
[Article was first published on AlArabiya English]
About Author: Sonia Farid, Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor of English Literature at Cairo University. She is a translator, editor, and political activist. Her social work focuses on political awareness and women’s rights and her writing interests include society, politics, and security in Egypt. She took part in a number of local and international conferences and published several academic papers. She can be reached at email@example.com